Dingle Harbour

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Dingle (Irish: An Daingean or Daingean Uí Chúis, meaning Fort or "O'Cuis' Fort"[6]) is a town in County Kerry in Ireland on the Atlantic coast approximately 49 kilometres (30 mi) south-west of Tralee and 71 kilometres (40 mi) north-west of Killarney.[7] The only town on the Dingle Peninsula, it is situated on a natural harbour below Slievanea mountain. Principal industries in the town are tourism, fishing and agriculture: Dingle Mart (livestock market) serves the surrounding countryside. In 2006 Dingle had a population of 1,920.[8] Dingle is situated in a Gaeltacht region. The town was developed as a port following the Norman invasion of Ireland. By the thirteenth century more goods were being exported through Dingle than Limerick, and in 1257 an ordinance of Henry III imposed customs on the port's exports.[9] By the fourteenth century importation of wine was a major business. Maurice Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond, who held palatine powers in the area, imposed a tax on this activity in about 1329.[10] By the sixteenth century Dingle was one of Ireland's main trading ports, exporting fish and hides and importing wines from the continent of Europe. French and Spanish fishing fleets used the town as a base.[10] Connections with Spain were particularly strong, and in 1529 Thomas Fitzgerald, 11th Earl of Desmond and the ambassador of Charles V of Spain signed the Treaty of Dingle.[11] Dingle was also a major embarkation port for pigrims to travel to the shrine of Saint James at Santiago de Compostella. The parish church was rebuilt in the sixteenth century under "Spanish patronage" and decidated to the saint.[12][13] In 1569 the commerce of the town was increased when it was listed as one of fifteen towns or cities which were to have a monopoly on the import of wine. Dingle's St. Mary's was a neo-Gothic church built to designs by J. J. McCarthy and O'Connell. The foundation stone was laid in 1862. It originally had a nave and aisles separated by arcades, supported on columns capped by octagonal tops. The arcades were demolished in one of the most radical reordering schemes to have been executed in Ireland. The project also saw the demolition of the exterior walls to below the original clerstory level, and, most notably, of the attic and upper ranges of the west elevation. There are many opportunities to hear traditional Irish music in the town, particularly during the summer tourist season. Dingle has a number of pubs as well as restaurants and cafes. There is also an aquarium in the town, and a number of art and craft shops. Source: Wikipedia